E-ISSN 1658-7820
 

Original Article

Online Publishing Date:
04 / 12 / 2021

 


Assessment of pulmonary function among Jouf University students and its relation with asthma, smoking and body built

Mostafa Mohamed Ragheb, Saif Daham Z. Alshalan, Abdullah Mohammad G. Alruwaili, Mohammed Hamuod E Alkhaldi, Mohammed Amid S. Alkhaldi, Jamal Mohammed A AlHawiti, Jamal Mohammed A AlHawiti.


Abstract
Background: The peak expiratory flow rate (PEFR) is affected by many factors, such as obesity, pollution, and sedentary lifestyle. This study aimed at the assessment of the pattern of PEFR among university students and factors affecting it.
Methods: Two hundred male students from four colleges participated in the study. They responded to a questionnaire inquiring sociodemographics, family history, and manifestations of allergy. The body weight and height as well as PEFR were measured.
Results: The median age was 22 years, 11.5% were married, 31% and 33.5% were active and passive smokers, respectively, and 11% had pet animals. Family history of allergy was recalled by 20% and 19% had manifestations of allergy as asthma (14%) and allergic rhinitis (6%). The PEFR ranged 250-680 l/minute (median: 520). Of all, overweight and obesity were present in 77%. Around 56.5% had PEFR < 520 l/minute and 43.5% had values ≥520. PEFR values were higher in males with large body frame than normal or low frame (p = 0.0015). PEFR values were lowest in active smokers (492.0 ± 75) followed by passive smokers (528.8 ± 83) and non-exposed participants (538 ± 83, p = 0.012). Meanwhile, PEFR < 520 was more frequent among students who recalled any type of allergy compared to others (63.2% vs. 38.9%, p = 0.001).
Conclusion: Low values of PEFR were associated with exposure to smoke, low body frame, and manifestations of allergy. Active measures, including health education, should be taken to promote the healthy lifestyle.

Key words: Pulmonary function, students, asthma, smoking, body built


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Ragheb MM, Alshalan SDZ, Alruwaili AMG, Alkhaldi MHE, Alkhaldi MAS, AlHawiti JMA, AlHawiti JMA. Assessment of pulmonary function among Jouf University students and its relation with asthma, smoking and body built. IJMDC. 2021; 5(12): 2048-2054. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1631378311


Web Style

Ragheb MM, Alshalan SDZ, Alruwaili AMG, Alkhaldi MHE, Alkhaldi MAS, AlHawiti JMA, AlHawiti JMA. Assessment of pulmonary function among Jouf University students and its relation with asthma, smoking and body built. https://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=123409 [Access: June 04, 2024]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1631378311


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Ragheb MM, Alshalan SDZ, Alruwaili AMG, Alkhaldi MHE, Alkhaldi MAS, AlHawiti JMA, AlHawiti JMA. Assessment of pulmonary function among Jouf University students and its relation with asthma, smoking and body built. IJMDC. 2021; 5(12): 2048-2054. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1631378311



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Ragheb MM, Alshalan SDZ, Alruwaili AMG, Alkhaldi MHE, Alkhaldi MAS, AlHawiti JMA, AlHawiti JMA. Assessment of pulmonary function among Jouf University students and its relation with asthma, smoking and body built. IJMDC. (2021), [cited June 04, 2024]; 5(12): 2048-2054. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1631378311



Harvard Style

Ragheb, M. M., Alshalan, . S. D. Z., Alruwaili, . A. M. G., Alkhaldi, . M. H. E., Alkhaldi, . M. A. S., AlHawiti, . J. M. A. & AlHawiti, . J. M. A. (2021) Assessment of pulmonary function among Jouf University students and its relation with asthma, smoking and body built. IJMDC, 5 (12), 2048-2054. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1631378311



Turabian Style

Ragheb, Mostafa Mohamed, Saif Daham Z. Alshalan, Abdullah Mohammad G. Alruwaili, Mohammed Hamuod E Alkhaldi, Mohammed Amid S. Alkhaldi, Jamal Mohammed A AlHawiti, and Jamal Mohammed A AlHawiti. 2021. Assessment of pulmonary function among Jouf University students and its relation with asthma, smoking and body built. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 5 (12), 2048-2054. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1631378311



Chicago Style

Ragheb, Mostafa Mohamed, Saif Daham Z. Alshalan, Abdullah Mohammad G. Alruwaili, Mohammed Hamuod E Alkhaldi, Mohammed Amid S. Alkhaldi, Jamal Mohammed A AlHawiti, and Jamal Mohammed A AlHawiti. "Assessment of pulmonary function among Jouf University students and its relation with asthma, smoking and body built." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 5 (2021), 2048-2054. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1631378311



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Ragheb, Mostafa Mohamed, Saif Daham Z. Alshalan, Abdullah Mohammad G. Alruwaili, Mohammed Hamuod E Alkhaldi, Mohammed Amid S. Alkhaldi, Jamal Mohammed A AlHawiti, and Jamal Mohammed A AlHawiti. "Assessment of pulmonary function among Jouf University students and its relation with asthma, smoking and body built." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 5.12 (2021), 2048-2054. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1631378311



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Ragheb, M. M., Alshalan, . S. D. Z., Alruwaili, . A. M. G., Alkhaldi, . M. H. E., Alkhaldi, . M. A. S., AlHawiti, . J. M. A. & AlHawiti, . J. M. A. (2021) Assessment of pulmonary function among Jouf University students and its relation with asthma, smoking and body built. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 5 (12), 2048-2054. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1631378311





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