E-ISSN 1658-7820
 

Original Article

Online Publishing Date:
09 / 11 / 2021

 


The prevalence and risk factors of constipation among the general population in Makkah, Saudi Arabia

Majid Hamed Ali, Badr Saad Almuqati, Husam Hamdin Alhasnani, Thamer Rajaallah Alfahmi, Ammar Khalid Mandili, Mokhtar Mahfouz Shatla.


Abstract
Background: Constipation is one of the most common gastrointestinal disorders and can affect many aspects of life. The prevalence of constipation varies across the world. Due to the lack of information in the Makkah region, we aim to determine the prevalence of constipation and its risk factor.
Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among adults between the ages 18 and 80 years who live in the Makkah Region, using an online questionnaire, ROME IV criteria were used to assess the potential of having constipation.
Results: 513 participants were enrolled in the study, 290 (56.5%) males and 223 (43.5%) females, with a median age of 29.5 years. The prevalence of constipation was (22.0%) 113 participants. Most of the participants had normal weight and were nonsmokers. Regarding risk factors, consuming less fiber, and stress were significant risk factors (p < 0.05); however, doing less exercise or consuming more spicy food had no significant association regarding constipation.
Conclusion: The study showed that constipation prevalence is 22%, which is relatively high. Consumption of more fibers and methods to relief stress is recommended to lower the prevalence of constipation in this population.

Key words: Prevalence, risk factors, constipation, Saudi Arabia, Makkah


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Ali MH, Almuqati BS, Alhasnani HH, Alfahmi TR, Mandili AK, Shatla MM. The prevalence and risk factors of constipation among the general population in Makkah, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2021; 5(12): 2108-2114. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1634294443


Web Style

Ali MH, Almuqati BS, Alhasnani HH, Alfahmi TR, Mandili AK, Shatla MM. The prevalence and risk factors of constipation among the general population in Makkah, Saudi Arabia. https://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=132952 [Access: June 04, 2024]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1634294443


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Ali MH, Almuqati BS, Alhasnani HH, Alfahmi TR, Mandili AK, Shatla MM. The prevalence and risk factors of constipation among the general population in Makkah, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2021; 5(12): 2108-2114. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1634294443



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Ali MH, Almuqati BS, Alhasnani HH, Alfahmi TR, Mandili AK, Shatla MM. The prevalence and risk factors of constipation among the general population in Makkah, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. (2021), [cited June 04, 2024]; 5(12): 2108-2114. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1634294443



Harvard Style

Ali, M. H., Almuqati, . B. S., Alhasnani, . H. H., Alfahmi, . T. R., Mandili, . A. K. & Shatla, . M. M. (2021) The prevalence and risk factors of constipation among the general population in Makkah, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC, 5 (12), 2108-2114. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1634294443



Turabian Style

Ali, Majid Hamed, Badr Saad Almuqati, Husam Hamdin Alhasnani, Thamer Rajaallah Alfahmi, Ammar Khalid Mandili, and Mokhtar Mahfouz Shatla. 2021. The prevalence and risk factors of constipation among the general population in Makkah, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 5 (12), 2108-2114. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1634294443



Chicago Style

Ali, Majid Hamed, Badr Saad Almuqati, Husam Hamdin Alhasnani, Thamer Rajaallah Alfahmi, Ammar Khalid Mandili, and Mokhtar Mahfouz Shatla. "The prevalence and risk factors of constipation among the general population in Makkah, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 5 (2021), 2108-2114. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1634294443



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Ali, Majid Hamed, Badr Saad Almuqati, Husam Hamdin Alhasnani, Thamer Rajaallah Alfahmi, Ammar Khalid Mandili, and Mokhtar Mahfouz Shatla. "The prevalence and risk factors of constipation among the general population in Makkah, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 5.12 (2021), 2108-2114. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1634294443



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Ali, M. H., Almuqati, . B. S., Alhasnani, . H. H., Alfahmi, . T. R., Mandili, . A. K. & Shatla, . M. M. (2021) The prevalence and risk factors of constipation among the general population in Makkah, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 5 (12), 2108-2114. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1634294443





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