E-ISSN 1658-7820
 

Original Article

Online Publishing Date:
24 / 05 / 2022

 


Assessing the quality of life and environment safety for Saudi food allergic patients in the Makkah region, Saudi Arabia

Rawan A. Alosaimy, Murouj A. Almaghrabi, Ahaad M. Basahal, Amjad A. Alharthi, Bashaer S. Khawandanah, Ghofran T. Zamil, Ruba O. Alansari, Amna A. Alotiby.


Abstract
Background: Food allergy is a costly health issue that can have a negative impact on a patient’s well-being. The current study aims to evaluate the quality of life of patients with food allergies using the healthcare system, coping strategies, management knowledge, and environmental safety.
Methods: This was a descriptive cross-sectional, survey-based study, including patients with food allergies in the Makkah region, Saudi Arabia. To achieve the study’s aim, an online survey with 21-items was created and distributed between April and June 2021. Data were exported automatically to Excel onto Statistical Package for the Social Sciences for analysis.
Results: A total of 90 food allergy patients were included. About two-thirds (67.8%) had anaphylaxis. The most common reported food allergies were eggs and seafood equally (44.4% for each), followed by some types of fruits (41.1%), then nuts (25.6%). Regarding using the healthcare system, (63.3%) were diagnosed with food allergy by a doctor, and only (13.3%) routinely followed up. Excellent management knowledge was detected among (65.6%) of the participants. Around a third (36.7%) have at workplace/school a certified first-aid provider for allergic food reactions. For coping strategies, the patients were open to sharing their health condition with their family and friends (88.9% and 51.1%, respectively) compared to carrying a card or a self-injection of epinephrine (1.1% for each item).
Conclusion: The current study revealed excellent levels of knowledge among food-allergic patients. Nevertheless, poor practices toward the healthcare systems and inadequate environmental safety were observed. Educational projects for food-allergic patients are critical.

Key words: Quality of life, coping, safety, food allergy, Saudi Arabia


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Alosaimy RA, Almaghrabi MA, Basahal AM, Alharthi AA, Khawandanah BS, Zamil GT, Alansari RO, Alotiby AA. Assessing the quality of life and environment safety for Saudi food allergic patients in the Makkah region, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2022; 6(7): 942-949. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1650156401


Web Style

Alosaimy RA, Almaghrabi MA, Basahal AM, Alharthi AA, Khawandanah BS, Zamil GT, Alansari RO, Alotiby AA. Assessing the quality of life and environment safety for Saudi food allergic patients in the Makkah region, Saudi Arabia. https://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=18479 [Access: June 04, 2024]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1650156401


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Alosaimy RA, Almaghrabi MA, Basahal AM, Alharthi AA, Khawandanah BS, Zamil GT, Alansari RO, Alotiby AA. Assessing the quality of life and environment safety for Saudi food allergic patients in the Makkah region, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2022; 6(7): 942-949. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1650156401



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Alosaimy RA, Almaghrabi MA, Basahal AM, Alharthi AA, Khawandanah BS, Zamil GT, Alansari RO, Alotiby AA. Assessing the quality of life and environment safety for Saudi food allergic patients in the Makkah region, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. (2022), [cited June 04, 2024]; 6(7): 942-949. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1650156401



Harvard Style

Alosaimy, R. A., Almaghrabi, . M. A., Basahal, . A. M., Alharthi, . A. A., Khawandanah, . B. S., Zamil, . G. T., Alansari, . R. O. & Alotiby, . A. A. (2022) Assessing the quality of life and environment safety for Saudi food allergic patients in the Makkah region, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC, 6 (7), 942-949. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1650156401



Turabian Style

Alosaimy, Rawan A., Murouj A. Almaghrabi, Ahaad M. Basahal, Amjad A. Alharthi, Bashaer S. Khawandanah, Ghofran T. Zamil, Ruba O. Alansari, and Amna A. Alotiby. 2022. Assessing the quality of life and environment safety for Saudi food allergic patients in the Makkah region, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 6 (7), 942-949. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1650156401



Chicago Style

Alosaimy, Rawan A., Murouj A. Almaghrabi, Ahaad M. Basahal, Amjad A. Alharthi, Bashaer S. Khawandanah, Ghofran T. Zamil, Ruba O. Alansari, and Amna A. Alotiby. "Assessing the quality of life and environment safety for Saudi food allergic patients in the Makkah region, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 6 (2022), 942-949. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1650156401



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Alosaimy, Rawan A., Murouj A. Almaghrabi, Ahaad M. Basahal, Amjad A. Alharthi, Bashaer S. Khawandanah, Ghofran T. Zamil, Ruba O. Alansari, and Amna A. Alotiby. "Assessing the quality of life and environment safety for Saudi food allergic patients in the Makkah region, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 6.7 (2022), 942-949. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1650156401



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Alosaimy, R. A., Almaghrabi, . M. A., Basahal, . A. M., Alharthi, . A. A., Khawandanah, . B. S., Zamil, . G. T., Alansari, . R. O. & Alotiby, . A. A. (2022) Assessing the quality of life and environment safety for Saudi food allergic patients in the Makkah region, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 6 (7), 942-949. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1650156401





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