E-ISSN 1658-7820
 

Original Article

Online Publishing Date:
07 / 06 / 2024

 


The impact of COVID-19 Lockdown on weight gain & lifestyle behavior in school age children and adolescents, in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Hissah R. Almuzini, Banan Sabri Al-Hijji, Naif A. Alomari, Suha S. Algain, Bandar S. Alshehry, Saleh S. Alsuwayt.


Abstract
Background: The COVID-19 pandemic and associated lockdown measures have significantly impacted the lifestyle behaviors of children and adolescents worldwide. The present study aimed at studying the impact of COVID-19 Lockdown on weight gain & lifestyle behavior in school age children and Adolescents, in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
Methods: This study looked into lifestyle behaviors of 597 children and adolescents in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, during the COVID-19 lockdown period. Data on weight gain, dietary habits, physical activity levels, screen time, sleep patterns, school performance, psychological state, and demographic characteristics were collected through a structured questionnaire. Statistical analyses, including chi-square tests, were conducted to explore associations between lifestyle factors and participant characteristics.
Results: The mean age of the participants was 13.8 years (SD = 2), and with a mean BMI of 23.05 kg/m2 (SD = 4.77). The sample consisted of 398 females (66.7%) and 199 males (33.3%). The majority of participants reported weight gain during the lockdown, with significant increases in the consumption of fast/junk food and screen time. Physical activity levels decreased, while sedentary behaviors increased. Sleep disturbances and changes in sleep patterns were common, along with shifts to online learning. School performance varied, with some participants experiencing declines. Psychological impacts included increased stress and preferences for isolation.
Conclusion: The COVID-19 lockdown in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, led to significant changes in lifestyle behaviors among children and adolescents, including increased weight gain, sedentary behaviors, screen time, and sleep disturbances. These findings underscore the need for targeted interventions to promote healthy behaviors and support the well-being of youth during and after the pandemic.

Key words: Impact of COVID-19, weight gain, lifestyle behavior, school age children, adolescents


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Almuzini HR, Al-Hijji BS, Alomari NA, Algain SS, Alshehry BS, Alsuwayt SS. The impact of COVID-19 Lockdown on weight gain & lifestyle behavior in school age children and adolescents, in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. Online First: 07 Jun, 2024. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1715928401


Web Style

Almuzini HR, Al-Hijji BS, Alomari NA, Algain SS, Alshehry BS, Alsuwayt SS. The impact of COVID-19 Lockdown on weight gain & lifestyle behavior in school age children and adolescents, in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. https://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=202066 [Access: June 08, 2024]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1715928401


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Almuzini HR, Al-Hijji BS, Alomari NA, Algain SS, Alshehry BS, Alsuwayt SS. The impact of COVID-19 Lockdown on weight gain & lifestyle behavior in school age children and adolescents, in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. Online First: 07 Jun, 2024. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1715928401



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Almuzini HR, Al-Hijji BS, Alomari NA, Algain SS, Alshehry BS, Alsuwayt SS. The impact of COVID-19 Lockdown on weight gain & lifestyle behavior in school age children and adolescents, in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC, [cited June 08, 2024]; Online First: 07 Jun, 2024. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1715928401



Harvard Style

Almuzini, H. R., Al-Hijji, . B. S., Alomari, . N. A., Algain, . S. S., Alshehry, . B. S. & Alsuwayt, . S. S. (2024) The impact of COVID-19 Lockdown on weight gain & lifestyle behavior in school age children and adolescents, in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC, Online First: 07 Jun, 2024. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1715928401



Turabian Style

Almuzini, Hissah R., Banan Sabri Al-Hijji, Naif A. Alomari, Suha S. Algain, Bandar S. Alshehry, and Saleh S. Alsuwayt. 2024. The impact of COVID-19 Lockdown on weight gain & lifestyle behavior in school age children and adolescents, in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, Online First: 07 Jun, 2024. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1715928401



Chicago Style

Almuzini, Hissah R., Banan Sabri Al-Hijji, Naif A. Alomari, Suha S. Algain, Bandar S. Alshehry, and Saleh S. Alsuwayt. "The impact of COVID-19 Lockdown on weight gain & lifestyle behavior in school age children and adolescents, in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries Online First: 07 Jun, 2024. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1715928401



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Almuzini, Hissah R., Banan Sabri Al-Hijji, Naif A. Alomari, Suha S. Algain, Bandar S. Alshehry, and Saleh S. Alsuwayt. "The impact of COVID-19 Lockdown on weight gain & lifestyle behavior in school age children and adolescents, in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries Online First: 07 Jun, 2024. Web. 08 Jun 2024 doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1715928401



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Almuzini, H. R., Al-Hijji, . B. S., Alomari, . N. A., Algain, . S. S., Alshehry, . B. S. & Alsuwayt, . S. S. (2024) The impact of COVID-19 Lockdown on weight gain & lifestyle behavior in school age children and adolescents, in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, Online First: 07 Jun, 2024. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1715928401





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