E-ISSN 1658-7820
 

Original Article

Online Publishing Date:
24 / 10 / 2020

 


Association between Anemia with or without Renal Dysfunction and Rehospitalization among Systolic Heart Failure Patients, Medina, Saudi Arabia

Raneem Abdulraheem Alraheili, Bayan Sulaiman Al-Alawi, Mohammad Waleed Khalifah, Mohammed Abdullah Saeed, Mansour Mohammed Al Nozha, Hanan Mosleh Ibrahim.


Abstract
Background: Heart failure (HF) has become a high-priority health problem due to the high rates of associated morbidity and mortality. HF is one of the most common causes of hospitalization and readmissions. One-third of all patients with HF have anemia, and its presence is associated with more symptoms and impaired functional capacity. The aim of this study was to investigate if anemia is associated with rehospitalization among these patients.
Methodology: For this cross-sectional study, we included 787 patients who had been admitted with a diagnosis of HF during the period from 1st March 2011 till 30th December 2018 at the Madinah Cardiac Centre. Demographic, clinical, and laboratory data were reviewed from electronic medical records. Univariate and multivariate analysis were used to determine the association between anemia and rehospitalization.
Results: The median age of the study population was 64 years, 72.6% were male, 46.9% were hypertensive, 55% were diabetic, and 20.3% were current smokers. The overall prevalence of anemia was 35.3% (32.7% and 42.1% in males and females, respectively). Patients with anemia alone and those with both anemia and renal dysfunction (RD) had a lower rate of recurrent admissions than patients with neither RD nor anemia (p = 0.007, p = 0.009 respectively). However, no statistical significance was reached, with multivariate analysis (Odds Ratio 0.6; 95% confidence interval, 0.38-1.21; p = 0.193).
Conclusion: The presence of anemia with or without RD on admission was not associated with rehospitalization among patients with HF.

Key words: Anemia, Heart Failure, Rehospitalization, Renal Dysfunction


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Alraheili RA, Al-Alawi BS, Khalifah MW, Saeed MA, Nozha MMA, Ibrahim HM. Association between Anemia with or without Renal Dysfunction and Rehospitalization among Systolic Heart Failure Patients, Medina, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2020; 4(11): 1904-1911. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1601549545


Web Style

Alraheili RA, Al-Alawi BS, Khalifah MW, Saeed MA, Nozha MMA, Ibrahim HM. Association between Anemia with or without Renal Dysfunction and Rehospitalization among Systolic Heart Failure Patients, Medina, Saudi Arabia. https://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=3271 [Access: June 04, 2024]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1601549545


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Alraheili RA, Al-Alawi BS, Khalifah MW, Saeed MA, Nozha MMA, Ibrahim HM. Association between Anemia with or without Renal Dysfunction and Rehospitalization among Systolic Heart Failure Patients, Medina, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2020; 4(11): 1904-1911. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1601549545



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Alraheili RA, Al-Alawi BS, Khalifah MW, Saeed MA, Nozha MMA, Ibrahim HM. Association between Anemia with or without Renal Dysfunction and Rehospitalization among Systolic Heart Failure Patients, Medina, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. (2020), [cited June 04, 2024]; 4(11): 1904-1911. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1601549545



Harvard Style

Alraheili, R. A., Al-Alawi, . B. S., Khalifah, . M. W., Saeed, . M. A., Nozha, . M. M. A. & Ibrahim, . H. M. (2020) Association between Anemia with or without Renal Dysfunction and Rehospitalization among Systolic Heart Failure Patients, Medina, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC, 4 (11), 1904-1911. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1601549545



Turabian Style

Alraheili, Raneem Abdulraheem, Bayan Sulaiman Al-Alawi, Mohammad Waleed Khalifah, Mohammed Abdullah Saeed, Mansour Mohammed Al Nozha, and Hanan Mosleh Ibrahim. 2020. Association between Anemia with or without Renal Dysfunction and Rehospitalization among Systolic Heart Failure Patients, Medina, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (11), 1904-1911. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1601549545



Chicago Style

Alraheili, Raneem Abdulraheem, Bayan Sulaiman Al-Alawi, Mohammad Waleed Khalifah, Mohammed Abdullah Saeed, Mansour Mohammed Al Nozha, and Hanan Mosleh Ibrahim. "Association between Anemia with or without Renal Dysfunction and Rehospitalization among Systolic Heart Failure Patients, Medina, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4 (2020), 1904-1911. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1601549545



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Alraheili, Raneem Abdulraheem, Bayan Sulaiman Al-Alawi, Mohammad Waleed Khalifah, Mohammed Abdullah Saeed, Mansour Mohammed Al Nozha, and Hanan Mosleh Ibrahim. "Association between Anemia with or without Renal Dysfunction and Rehospitalization among Systolic Heart Failure Patients, Medina, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4.11 (2020), 1904-1911. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1601549545



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Alraheili, R. A., Al-Alawi, . B. S., Khalifah, . M. W., Saeed, . M. A., Nozha, . M. M. A. & Ibrahim, . H. M. (2020) Association between Anemia with or without Renal Dysfunction and Rehospitalization among Systolic Heart Failure Patients, Medina, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (11), 1904-1911. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1601549545





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