E-ISSN 1658-7820
 

Original Article

Online Publishing Date:
28 / 10 / 2020

 


Prevalence of depression among hypothyroid patients being treated with levothyroxine in a tertiary care hospital in Saudi Arabia

Abdullah Almalki, Abdulaziz Alosail, Mohammed Almalki, Rakan Mal, Abdulaziz Albacker, Alwaleed Alrebdi, Abdulaziz Ismail, Amir Omair, Awad Alshahrani.


Abstract
Background: While the association between depression and hypothyroidism is well established, the prevalence of depression among patients with hypothyroid who are being treated with levothyroxine in Saudi Arabia is still unknown. This study aimed to investigate the latter, as well as to explore the factors associated with depression among these patients.
Methodology: A descriptive cross-sectional study using consecutive sampling was conducted at the National Guard Health Affairs, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. The Patient Health Questionnaire-9 was used to assess the prevalence and levels of depression among patients with hypothyroidism, who were being treated with levothyroxine. The data were analyzed using Statistical Package for the Social Sciences version 20.0 software.
Results: The study included 130 patients, of whom 89% were female. The prevalence of depression among hypothyroid patients was 70% (95% CI: 62%-78%), 30% had no/mild depression, 27% had moderate depression, and 43% had moderately severe/severe depression. There was a significant association between the prevalence of depression and lower levels of education up to high school (68%), patients older than 30 years of age (85%), and married/widowed patients (83%). Patients with moderately severe/severe depression had more difficulties in performing daily-life activities (91%), as well as higher levels of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) of 2.91 mIU/l (Interquartile range: 1.60-7.05).
Conclusions: There was a significant association between the prevalence of depression and hypothyroid patients who were being treated with levothyroxine, specifically in older patients, those with lower levels of education, and those with high TSH levels.

Key words: depression, hypothyroidism, PHQ-9, Hypothyroid patients


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Almalki A, Alosail A, Almalki M, Mal R, Albacker A, Alrebdi A, Ismail A, Omair A, Alshahrani A. Prevalence of depression among hypothyroid patients being treated with levothyroxine in a tertiary care hospital in Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2020; 4(11): 1918-1923. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1601735563


Web Style

Almalki A, Alosail A, Almalki M, Mal R, Albacker A, Alrebdi A, Ismail A, Omair A, Alshahrani A. Prevalence of depression among hypothyroid patients being treated with levothyroxine in a tertiary care hospital in Saudi Arabia. https://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=5904 [Access: June 04, 2024]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1601735563


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Almalki A, Alosail A, Almalki M, Mal R, Albacker A, Alrebdi A, Ismail A, Omair A, Alshahrani A. Prevalence of depression among hypothyroid patients being treated with levothyroxine in a tertiary care hospital in Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2020; 4(11): 1918-1923. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1601735563



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Almalki A, Alosail A, Almalki M, Mal R, Albacker A, Alrebdi A, Ismail A, Omair A, Alshahrani A. Prevalence of depression among hypothyroid patients being treated with levothyroxine in a tertiary care hospital in Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. (2020), [cited June 04, 2024]; 4(11): 1918-1923. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1601735563



Harvard Style

Almalki, A., Alosail, . A., Almalki, . M., Mal, . R., Albacker, . A., Alrebdi, . A., Ismail, . A., Omair, . A. & Alshahrani, . A. (2020) Prevalence of depression among hypothyroid patients being treated with levothyroxine in a tertiary care hospital in Saudi Arabia. IJMDC, 4 (11), 1918-1923. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1601735563



Turabian Style

Almalki, Abdullah, Abdulaziz Alosail, Mohammed Almalki, Rakan Mal, Abdulaziz Albacker, Alwaleed Alrebdi, Abdulaziz Ismail, Amir Omair, and Awad Alshahrani. 2020. Prevalence of depression among hypothyroid patients being treated with levothyroxine in a tertiary care hospital in Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (11), 1918-1923. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1601735563



Chicago Style

Almalki, Abdullah, Abdulaziz Alosail, Mohammed Almalki, Rakan Mal, Abdulaziz Albacker, Alwaleed Alrebdi, Abdulaziz Ismail, Amir Omair, and Awad Alshahrani. "Prevalence of depression among hypothyroid patients being treated with levothyroxine in a tertiary care hospital in Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4 (2020), 1918-1923. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1601735563



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Almalki, Abdullah, Abdulaziz Alosail, Mohammed Almalki, Rakan Mal, Abdulaziz Albacker, Alwaleed Alrebdi, Abdulaziz Ismail, Amir Omair, and Awad Alshahrani. "Prevalence of depression among hypothyroid patients being treated with levothyroxine in a tertiary care hospital in Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4.11 (2020), 1918-1923. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1601735563



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Almalki, A., Alosail, . A., Almalki, . M., Mal, . R., Albacker, . A., Alrebdi, . A., Ismail, . A., Omair, . A. & Alshahrani, . A. (2020) Prevalence of depression among hypothyroid patients being treated with levothyroxine in a tertiary care hospital in Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (11), 1918-1923. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1601735563





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