E-ISSN 1658-7820
 

Original Article

Online Publishing Date:
02 / 01 / 2024

 


Pattern of Utilization of Nasal decongestant and its Paradoxical Effects After Prolonged Use; A Local Study, Eastern Region, Saudi Arabia.

Abdullah Ahmed Alarfaj, Batool Zahar Al-Zahir, Abdullah Jafar Alghanim, Abdulhakim Yousef Almarzooq.


Abstract
Background:

Nasal decongestants (ND) are medications used to relieve flu symptoms and a congested nose. These medications are considered "Over-the-counter," and inappropriate usage is fairly common among patients as well as physicians. However, discontinuation of the medications with appropriate treatment usually resolves this condition. This study aims to assess the pattern of utilization and perception of excessive use of topical nasal decongestants among users.

Methods:

A questionnaire-based cross-sectional study was conducted in the eastern province in Saudi Arabia. The questionnaires assessed the demographic characteristics of the population, previous use of nasal decongestants, the health condition of the participants, and their perception of using nasal decongestants and its paradoxical effects.

Results:

Out of 365 participants, with age groups ranging from 18 to 70 years old, the study showed that 144 participants (39.5%) used nasal decongestants to relieve symptoms. Exactly 123 (85.4%) of them used nasal spray. ND was prescribed by physicians among 85 (59%) users, by pharmacists among 43 (29.9%), while 33 (22.9%) had an unprescribed decongestant. Regarding the perception of ND, 49 (39.5%) knew why symptoms return after stopping ND. Also, 107 (29.3%) knew the effect of prolonged use of ND, while 52 (14.2%) were uncertain. The most reported side effects were using for more than 5 days associated with side effects and the prolapse of symptoms (84.3%), while 19 (11.9%) think that more drug use is associated with more improved symptoms, and 1.9% advised using according to physician prescription.

Conclusion:

Nasal decongestants are widely used. These over-the-counter medications can easily be misused. A common side effect is rhinitis medicamentosa. As a result, we strongly advocate for more health campaigns that address community awareness of the paradoxical effects of nasal decongestants.

Key words: Nasal decongestant, rebound rhinitis, paradoxical effect, utilization pattern


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Alarfaj AA, Al-Zahir BZ, Alghanim AJ, Almarzooq AY. Pattern of Utilization of Nasal decongestant and its Paradoxical Effects After Prolonged Use; A Local Study, Eastern Region, Saudi Arabia.. IJMDC. Online First: 02 Jan, 2024. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1701244295


Web Style

Alarfaj AA, Al-Zahir BZ, Alghanim AJ, Almarzooq AY. Pattern of Utilization of Nasal decongestant and its Paradoxical Effects After Prolonged Use; A Local Study, Eastern Region, Saudi Arabia.. https://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=179207 [Access: May 12, 2024]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1701244295


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Alarfaj AA, Al-Zahir BZ, Alghanim AJ, Almarzooq AY. Pattern of Utilization of Nasal decongestant and its Paradoxical Effects After Prolonged Use; A Local Study, Eastern Region, Saudi Arabia.. IJMDC. Online First: 02 Jan, 2024. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1701244295



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Alarfaj AA, Al-Zahir BZ, Alghanim AJ, Almarzooq AY. Pattern of Utilization of Nasal decongestant and its Paradoxical Effects After Prolonged Use; A Local Study, Eastern Region, Saudi Arabia.. IJMDC, [cited May 12, 2024]; Online First: 02 Jan, 2024. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1701244295



Harvard Style

Alarfaj, A. A., Al-Zahir, . B. Z., Alghanim, . A. J. & Almarzooq, . A. Y. (2024) Pattern of Utilization of Nasal decongestant and its Paradoxical Effects After Prolonged Use; A Local Study, Eastern Region, Saudi Arabia.. IJMDC, Online First: 02 Jan, 2024. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1701244295



Turabian Style

Alarfaj, Abdullah Ahmed, Batool Zahar Al-Zahir, Abdullah Jafar Alghanim, and Abdulhakim Yousef Almarzooq. 2024. Pattern of Utilization of Nasal decongestant and its Paradoxical Effects After Prolonged Use; A Local Study, Eastern Region, Saudi Arabia.. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, Online First: 02 Jan, 2024. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1701244295



Chicago Style

Alarfaj, Abdullah Ahmed, Batool Zahar Al-Zahir, Abdullah Jafar Alghanim, and Abdulhakim Yousef Almarzooq. "Pattern of Utilization of Nasal decongestant and its Paradoxical Effects After Prolonged Use; A Local Study, Eastern Region, Saudi Arabia.." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries Online First: 02 Jan, 2024. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1701244295



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Alarfaj, Abdullah Ahmed, Batool Zahar Al-Zahir, Abdullah Jafar Alghanim, and Abdulhakim Yousef Almarzooq. "Pattern of Utilization of Nasal decongestant and its Paradoxical Effects After Prolonged Use; A Local Study, Eastern Region, Saudi Arabia.." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries Online First: 02 Jan, 2024. Web. 12 May 2024 doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1701244295



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Alarfaj, A. A., Al-Zahir, . B. Z., Alghanim, . A. J. & Almarzooq, . A. Y. (2024) Pattern of Utilization of Nasal decongestant and its Paradoxical Effects After Prolonged Use; A Local Study, Eastern Region, Saudi Arabia.. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, Online First: 02 Jan, 2024. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1701244295





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